IM NOT THE AUTHOR OF THIS POST. THE AUTHOR IS ANONYMOUS AND THE POST HAS BEEN UPDATED.
On first post there was author but it ends that its few guys doing it and the main who mailed me now wanted to stay anonymous. So i`ve no idea whos author of this research.
From my side i`ve never cared to lookup for Satoshi yet i had some thoughts from 2010/2011 that it was one of Google employees doing this at his “free firday” time. Yet seems nobody wrote about that so i assume my mind made this up as i never really cared nor i know where i have this idea from. Personally i think this had to be 1 person not few because few person can never keep a secret yet this research makes total sense and there is possibility few real guys met and never whistleblown – especially in cyberphuns community.
Unknown author`s post:
Who is Satoshi Nakamoto……….
Everyone denies the facts because of this man’s age and speach. Do not let his age throw you off track. This is a serious effort in fact finding. Research him and you will see the proof. His present work/papers are still sharp and genius, as if a brilliant young man is still writing them. He is currently rewriting some of Einstein’s greatest works. His students and research assistant say he is obsessed with computers and game theroy along with a futuristic decentralised money system. His whole life’s work is everything that Bitcoin consists of.
There is a man who’s been touring the world since 1995, that is also the time Nick Szabo started blogging, talking about a new concept of money that might force the governments to bow to the peoples demands in relation to a more stable inflation rate. He is extremely skilled with encryption knowledge and math. He has a great understanding of game theory too, because he invented our solutions for it (bitcoin is about equilibrium game theory right?). Super smart guy, someone like Szabo and Satoshi fits this description, but I feel like there can only be one person with this magnitude of intelligence.
One time in the past he rewrote our understanding of economics, but it took us 40 years to realize it. He had to go into confinement for claiming he had the solution to our governments colluding against the people.
One time he wrote to the government explaining he could create an effectively undecryptable encryption, also in another letter wrote about how a highly parallel computer system could function in a decentralized fashion…but that was over 50 years ago.
In 2011, the National Security Agency declassified letters written by Nash in the 1950s.
In 1955, John Nash sent an amazing letter to the NSA in order to support an encryption design that he suggested. In it, he anticipates computational complexity theory as well as modern cryptography. He also proposes that the security of encryption can be based on computational hardness and makes the distinction between polynomial time and exponential time: So a logical way to classify enciphering processes is by the way in which the computation length for the computation of the key increases with increasing length of the key. This is at best exponential and at worst probably at most a relatively small power of r, ar^2 or ar^3, as in substitution cipher.
John Nash’s 1955 Quotes:
“I am speaking about a research project that is not fully complete since I have not yet written up and submitted for publication any paper or papers describing the work. Also the details of what axioms to use and how to select the basic set theory underlying the hierarchical extension to be constructed are not fully crystallized. I have also a great fear of possible error in studying topics in this area. It is not rare, historically, for systems to be proposed that are either inconsistent or that have unexpected weaknesses. So I feel that I must be cautious and proceed without rushing to a goal. And this psychology of fear has also inhibited me from consulting other persons expert in logic before I could feel that I had gotten my own ideas into good shape.”
“This memorandum concerns some ideas for new designs of the control system in high-speed digital computers. The ideas are yet in an immature and rather unspecific form, but this is a subject that deserves some attention and thought for the future. Indeed the idea is more or less futuristic and is more appropriate for the “electronic brains” of the future than for the computers now used, or under construction, or even planned. The basic idea is simple. Instead of having a single control unit sequencing the operations of the machine in series (except for certain subsidiary operations as certain input and output functions) as is now done, the idea is to decentralize control with several different control units capable of directing various simultaneous operations and interrelating them when appropriate.”
This man fills every single one of Satoshi’s markers and more, he rewrote the economy already, defined the encryption race 50 years ago. He has since been touring the world, talking about a new kind of money technology and how it is going to give the people “the power” vs government “schemes” of money printing.
This man is Satoshi, nothing is hidden it’s all in plain view. It makes 100% perfect sense now, but 20 years ago when the lecture was given, it was complete gibberish. How do you explain to a world population that everything will be different because what you are about to do? How do you break it to them slowly before they rip you apart out of fear?
Who is John Nash? Remember the movie “A Beautiful Mind”? That’s him.
This man fills every single one of Satoshi’s markers and more, rewrote economy already, defined the encryption race 50 years ago, and has been touring the world talking about a new kind of money technology and how it is going to give the people the power vs government money printing schemes.
This man is Satoshi, nothing is hidden it’s all in plain view. It makes 100% perfect sense, each line ….NOW….20 years ago when the lecture was given, it was complete gibberish…how do you explain to a world population that everything is different now because what you are about to do? How do you break it to them slowly before they rip you apart out of fear?
He got over his schizophrenia in the mid 1970’s by diving into computers, game theory and devising a perfect decentralized currency called “Ideal Money”.
Those that are familiar with “Szabo’s” works already know. Bitcoin was not a whim, it was decades of contemplation and study and advancements of the systems needed for its implementation. Szabo’s blog is that vast encyclopedia of puzzle pieces put together that finally point to the implementation of the solution. It covers right down to the invention of the time keeping devices that changed our culture and the value of it up until the creation of bitcoin. So much past history and technology covered just to explain what we have today. Note: Szabo’s “BitGold” blog date was changed from 2005 to 2008 to appear being released after the bitcoin white paper. This can be confirmed by the url date in Hal Finney’s email linked below.
Whoever created bitcoin knew they had to become a lawyer to make sure it was fully created above law. “Lawyer” Nick Szabo describes also the entire significant history of law right up until the non delegation doctrine and the implications that are above our national constitutions. He taught us all how to be lawyers, because you need this to be free.
Szabo on the history of money from the nakamoto institute
Note: Please read this next paragraph until it makes sence:
Szabo “came up with” the technology that will become ethereum, smart contracts, contingent on Satoshi’s work he never knew would be produced? Smart contracts come about because bitcoin is the beginning of the completion of a “Kula Ring”, a unifying solution that bridges among other things, game theory, encryption, economics, finance, programming, and law… there are not multiple random people capable of this…..
Every line from the cryptic lecture “Ideal Money” has a linking paper from Szabo’s blog:
Example: Ideal Money: “Money has a long an interesting history…”
Szabo blog: Shelling out.
Facts about Nick Szabo, John Nash and Satoshi Nakamoto
Nick Szabo and Hal Finney were cypherpunks in contact with each other since 1993.
But in 2009 the pdf was brought to the attention of certain communities with a citation to Wei Dai, which was simply a single title page of links to papers written by dei to give him credibility. Among the links were “portals” to anonymous chat groups, where no doubt many “like” minded peoples found themselves going through a screening process they never knew was being done. Here enters the rest of the cypherpunks.
But it means that it is very possible “Nash” or “Szabo” was able to use “intelligence” as “assets” by using the internet in a sideways fashion. All of the confusion you see, is because its the only way around the barriers. And what’s amazing is it was probably ALL perfectly LEGAL. But its all incredibly interesting, I don’t tend to enjoy “conspiracy” theories and stories, but for all I can understand this is all truth and reality
Think about what you would do if you have the bitcoin whitepaper in 2009, 2000, 1995, 1960, 1950 (obviously at this point only the rough concept would be presentable). Think about how much people who don’t understand bitcoin naturally dislike it. How many people say its a scam and don’t understand real money is a scam. We didn’t truly know this until “Nash” yet one man said 20 years ago:
“Keynesian” economists, have sold to the public a “quasi-doctrine” which teaches, in effect, that “less is more” or that (in other words) “bad money is better than good money”
You have to read Nash’s Ideal Money and compare it to the bitcoin white paper from 2008.
Here’s the evidence:
This is a 9 page paper that is the foundation of bitcoin.
This paper is the bargaining problem by Nash:
It has nine pages 9
What it describes is the difference between an economy without money vs one that has money. Bitcoin is the 3rd level of that as it does what money does to the next level.
The paper/lecture below is by Nash on something called Ideal Money, which is money that is interest free and not controled by a central bank. Bitcoin IS ideal money.
We expect “Satoshi Nakamoto” is Japenese.
When you take out “I am Nash” you are left with
“sato” and “koto”
Japenese is the key because if you didn’t know the language then you could never match the words to verify the code cracking.
koto = japan’s national instrument
sato = the most popular japenese name
Bitcoin is the “instrument” for the “common man”.
The time lapse between the release of bitcoin paper, and the time someone figures out who Nash is and gets the right people to accept/believe and confirm it to the public is all known and built into the plan. Remember this was all designed by the worlds master of game theory. It is a suspense and drama, in which all the governments create regulations against bitcoin. But when bitcoin is adopted by the people, these government regulations are just going to make it harder (therefore less desirable) for people to ever go back to the real system.
Bitcoin is a carefully selected “piece” of the real plan, released in such away that no one could piece together what Nash was doing. Such a Beautiful Mind.
1994 New York Times interview with Princeton Professors concerning recent Nobel Prize winner John Nash:
“What will Nash do now? At 66, he is past the age when most mathematicians do their best work. But the researchers he now talks to say that he is interested in the major unsolved problems and that he has learned to use the computer in ingenious ways.”
@@@@ The research………….
I think the person/persons that researched, programmed, compiled ideas, assembled the right team and launched the bitcoin revolution has a very specific driven personality that incorporated ideas from the links provided below and the ideas of Nick Szabo’s BitGold(there’s that name again) that was soon to be a working implementation of John Nash’s Ideal Money, with the help of Wei Dai website.
Of course that’s me reading between the lines because neither Nick or Satoshi admitted to knowing about each other’s work. Even though Nick Szabo was publicly reaching out for assistance with BitGold in the small crypto community well before the bitcoin white paper was released. BitGold wasn’t mentioned in the white paper but HashCash, a lesser known system, was.
There are articles about Nash changing his writing style to play secret jokes on his colleagues and research assistants. I have been comparing Satoshi’s bitcointalk.org posts to the white paper and both Nash and Szabo. Remember, Szabo has been rewriting Nashs papers for 20+ years. For every line in Ideal Money, Szabo wrote a paper on it. But this is serious game theory with a lifetime of planning and I’m positive the linguistics analysis of the white paper and the posts were thought of and measures were taken to misdirect the findings.
Two months before the white paper Szabo reached out for assistance with BitGold. Satoshi may or may not have contacted Szabo then. If not, Satoshi using Wei Dai as a portal to reach out for certain people could have been where they connected. It does seem while John Nash was touring the world and giving lectures on Ideal Money and the fact that Szabo was studying and writing papers on it for 20+ years that they could have crossed paths and communicated. They also both lived and worked in a very small online cypher community. Remember, Szabo said he knows who Satoshi is. But who is Szabo?
*According to George Washington University, it has no record of Mr. Szabo ever working at the school as a law professor.
“Satoshi is first and foremost a coder, not a writer. Szabo is a writer first and coder second.” ~ Wei Dai blog
“Nash, whose own interests were rapidly shifting away from game theory to pure mathematics, became fascinated with computers at RAND. Of the dozen or so working papers he wrote during his summers in Santa Monica, none is more visionary than one, written in his last summer at the think tank, called (Parallel Control).” ~ Princeton Press
Wei Dai states that he and Szabo both went to same college at same time but did not know each other.(?)
Note: Hard to read Wei Dai, it appears his whole part in all this may be to keep misdirecting people’s attention. From the very beginning right before the white paper until now. He’s now saying Satoshi problably is a very young guy with a lot of energy problably just spent some time and effort to write the paper, what?…on summer break or something?(What a joke, and I know people actually believe that scenario. There’s several degrees and 20 years of research and and a life time of acquired and working knowledge there.)He also says if Szabo was involved that Nick would tell him in private and would let us know the truth.
Nash’s work is recorded and documented not only by Princeton and the NSA but also by Nick Szabo’s blogs even though Szabo never mentions him, it’s obviously Nash’s work that’s being elaborated on. It’s all there in plain sight. Nash and Szabo. The perfict example of “Can’t see the wood for the trees”.
It’s funny how John Nash’s entire life’s work and beliefs are exactally what bitcoin is and he has never acknowledged, mentioned or referenced bitcoin in any way. He has to know about it, he’s said to be addicted to computers, math, game theory and decentralized currency. It’s like someone is being very careful not to get the two words “Nash” and “Bitcoin” ever mentioned together in any sentence, blog, paper or report. Mabey that only seems strange to me. The lecture he did on 10/2008 got labeled “Nobel Economist Says More Stable Currency Needed”. That was one month before the bitcoin white paper was released.
@@@@ The Breakthrough…………
?Do we know for sure if any communication between Nash and Szabo actually happened?
It never did, nor could it. They are not likely different people, Szabo’s blog is simply the reasearch required to final realize “bitcoin”. What seems likely is the old many knew he was on to something, kept studying frantically, and finally one day just came up with the realization he could “do it”. After the realization (even before bitcoin.pdf) he could foresee future technology and change because of the solution he knew existed (hypermoney), AND he was able to peer deeper into the past because he was able to see the future.
!The man is 86!
Yes. And “Ideal Money” is an idea that came to him in 1960’s when he “went crazy” and fled to the UK from the US government, he tried to seek asylum in Europe and exchange his money for one of better quality (swiss). He was brought back in chains, and eventually became a teacher at Princeton where he developed the legend/nickname “The Fine Hall Phantom” for secretly writing cryptic math on all the chalk boards at night.
Also when Gavin says for example he attended a lecture at princeton with Szabo, is seems likely he knows Szabo is Nash and Nash was at the lecture (since after all it was Princeton).
Also be careful with the quotes, for example Szabo didn’t say “I am not Satoshi” on twitter. Someone said “thx Satoshi” to Szabo, and Szabo said “not satoshi, but thank you”
Szabo didn’t say him and dai went to uni together but rather “I went to the same university Dai did”.
@@@@ The final evidence…..
“Comment author: Wei_Dai 23 July 2014 01:07:17AM 2 points [-]
(poster): I would have thought you did, based on your research.
Dai: “No, my monetary policy views were firmly mainstream, which considers rapid unpredictable changes in prices, in either direction, to be a really bad thing for a currency. So I designed b-money to have a (((stable value relative to a basket of commodities))), and until Bitcoin came along, never thought anyone might deliberately design a currency to have a fixed total supply.”
Nash’s Ideal Money
“He proposed that international exchange rates be fixed by (((pegging the value of each currency to a standardized basket of commodities))), called the industrial consumption price index. Such a policy would curtail the ability of central banks to make monetary policy.”
Nash is Dai
Szabo: “I’ve been quite distracted by the continual need to avoid leaving pointers to my True Name lying around…”
“I’ve had several years to establish a net.reputation for “Nick Szabo”, and it might take a long time for any of my pseudonyms to catch up.”
“Pointers to info and/or tools to enable the establishment and maintenance of a net.nym, beyond the standard cypherpunks PGP/remailer fare with which I’m now familiar, greatly appreciated.”
Nash is Szabo
Szabo is Satoshi….
Szabo didn’t create bitcoin….”Szabo” and “Dai” went to the same school…but never met.
@@@@The Pseudonym Conformations:
It seems that “Bitcoin” was broken into parts and presented to the public in a way people could not fully put them together until they finally crystalized into one. Spreading things out this way between three or so “Identities”(Satoshi/Szabo/Wei Dai/Nash) with at least one of them not very related to “Bitcoin” at all, would make it near impossible for people to put it together before things really took off (which they have).
Nicholas J. Szabo = Nash sajo icl baz
“Szabó” is a common Hungarian “Surname”.
Using Hungarian as the code key:
“Sajo” is both a Hungarian river in the “BAZ” and it is the last name of a very well known advocate and Judge “Andres Sajo” who’s work regards “International Constitutional Law”. “ICL” is what “Szabo’s” has created and foreseen in his writing.
“ICL” = International Constitutional Law
Each pseudonym has the property that it cannot be change.
“In Hungary the “Sajo” flows through the county of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén.”
http://people.ceu.hu/andras_sajo “Sajo” is referenced many times in papers such as this: http://www.lachmayer.eu/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/2014_Teaching-Constitutional-Comparison.pdf
“Wei Dai” is a common Chinese “Surname”.
Using Chinese as the code key:
“Wei” = Officer in the Peoples Liberation Army
“Dia” is an ethnic group of people in China known as Chinese “Shan”
“Dai” = “Shan” = “Nash”
Note: Wei Dai uses his words carefully in webchat to misdirect questions on the subject of Satoshi/Szabo and himself. Read his posts carefully. The last time Wei Dai’s name was being questioned, he posted this misdirect:
http://lesswrong.com/user/Wei_Dai/overview/ Quote: “Since Pinyin is a many to one mapping, and as a result most Chinese articles about Bitcoin put the wrong name down for me, I’ll take this opportunity to mention that my name is written logographically as 戴维.”
google translate: https://translate.google.ca/#zh-CN/e…88%B4%E7%BB%B4
*The Surname’s Nationality is used as the code key in these puzzles, not Google Translate.
@@@@ The final summary…………
“The Satoshi Game Theory”
Satoshi Nakamoto = John Nash
-All covered in above article and links.
Nick Szabo = John Nash
“A second layer of protection”
-The Szabo we know of does not appear to exist in history before 1990.
-Wiki page does not verify past the point of being a pseudonym.
-In 1993 Szabo and Hal discuss about always using pseudonyms while working online. Szabo says his other pseudonyms may take too long to catch up with “Nick Szabo’s” good rep that he has built with that name.
-There is one alleged random photo on the internet(no paper with name/shoe on head or graduation/year book hard proof)
-one alleged lecture, even though he has wrote/published/blogged so much for so long about things that normally get lectures. Any man could have also held that lecture since no one knows his true identity.
-Gavin said he saw Szabo at the Princeton Bitcoin Conference. It seems likely he knows Szabo is Nash and Nash was at the lecture (since after all it was Princeton).
Wei Dai = John Nash
“A third layer of protection”
“Anonomous Portal Link”
-Website homepage with links for credibility. Bmoney was a reason to cite Dai in the white paper, which links to anonomous intelligent discussion boards that no doubt led to a secret bitcoin soceity.
-It seems the first citation (W.Dai) on the bitcoin papers is really a calling to all interested and intelligent people to an anonomous website. This would allow Satoshi to screen people and give them plausible deniabilty while attracting “cypherpunk” type minds and other types of influecial people the bitcoin revolution would need.
-Did Wei Dai admit he didn’t think of “bitcoin” or printing a fixed total supply? Or did he say he never thought of it until “bitcoin”?
Hal Finney = Hal Finney
-Lived his life open, free and honest – always willing to help assist and protect others.
-“The computer can be used as a tool to liberate and protect people, rather than to control them” ~ Hal
-Hal was always there finding ways to breake through the barriers that would arise in the advancing world of technology which he lived and believed in. From the Atari 2600 to Bitcoin and beyond…..
-Seems Hal was everywhere at all times if any technology was involved with the cypherpunks, but he is not Satoshi, he has always been known just as “Hal”.
-“Nash made major contributions to economics among other fields before descending
into schizophrenia. But this list of his earlier character traits sounded
eerily familiar” ~Hal (2002)
Gavin Andresen = Gavin Andresen
– Graduated from Princeton in 1988. He made the statement that he had to spend all his days and nights on campus at Princeton to get good computer time because in the 1980’s home computers still sucked. We know who else was constantly writing code and using those same computers..Nash…”The Fine Hall Phantom” – They wrote a book about it.
– Satoshi would not turn over the keys for his life’s work to just any simple forum acquaintance that had been helpful. If so I think Hal would have been the right choice. It appears Gavin was chosen because Satoshi knew him personally which would make since because Gavin most likely knows Satoshi is Szabo/Nash due to their four year Princeton connection and the “Szabo was at the conference” remark he made this year. Hal’s medical issues were most likely known at that time also.
-The last three posts of Satoshi really shows how much he respected and cared for Hal’s opinions, but he would have to leave the keys with Gavin..why?…I think knowing a friend in person rather then just through a forum(since 1993) would instill the most trust. Gavin is very knowledgeable, and a good guy, im not knocking his credentials.
-Gavin not only holds the keys to Bitcoin, he is the key to Satoshi.
@@@@ In a nutshell…………
Note: In 1986 John Nash had begun to use a new email system on the computer to link with other mathematicians. They were amazed at the math concepts they were seeing and sought out to find his identity. Once they found out it was “The Nash”, they immediately got together and notified the proper channels of his continued advancements in math and theroy. This resulted in Nash being selected for the Nobel Prize, but it most likely started him using more complex “pen names” and “pseudonyms” and anonymous mailers for web chatting and publishing some of his work online.
Note: In 1992 Tim May, Eric Hughes and John Gilmore started the Cypherpunks’ mailing list. But Jim Bell, David Chaum, Phil Zimmerman, Julian Assange, Adam Back, Wei-Dai and Hal Finney joined and was quickly followed by Tim-Berners Lee, John Perry Barlow and Nick Szabo.
Note: In public John Nash would travel the world with his notoriety, spreading his vision of “Ideal Money” to the general public through his lectures, which were in a simple basic outline form.
In private as “Nick Szabo” he would connect with the crypto internet community providing a more in-depth version of “Ideal Money” to a more technical and intelligent crowd by publishing papers through his blogs and getting feedback through web chats. At the same time his other pseudonym “Wei Dai” was keeping a website for an “Anonomous Portal Link” along with shadowing Szabo’s “BitGold” with his own “Bmoney” project, in a simular way that “Ideal money” was shadowed by “BitGold” to keep the topic researched and his pseudonyms moving forward and active in the community. This is how the web was wieved to bring “Ideal Money” from a simple brilliant idea to an actual decentralized currency used worldwide. He compiled his initial work in 2005 (BitGold) and published it online to get some initial reactions and some “think tank” feedback from the cypherpunk community.
As “Satoshi” he used that feedback and the realization of “HyperMoney” to help guide him through that narrow window of time where he finished creating and implementing the final product we know as Bitcoin.
*Please note this is only a theory and IMHO through Google/Library and posts from other members. I believe this is how it occurred but it can never be accepted because all it takes to contradict these possibilities is for any man to say he is username “Nick Szabo” and he has nothing to do with creating Bitcoin. Someone who’s admitted to knowing Szabo would confirm the mans claims and there would be no way to disprove him if he is prepared for the questions that would be asked. Bitcoin is the true work of a “Game Theroy Master” with “A Beautiful Mind”.
Satoshi Nakamoto will always be a mystery that can never be 100% solved. It was carefully designed that way a long time ago.
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9 thoughts on “Personal Research on Satoshi Nakamoto”
Very in-depth and fascinating post. Thank you.
This is crazy interesting. My brain hurts now. Great indepth investigation and preparation. Thank you!
Always thought David Chaum and Wei Dai, but this could be a plausible explaination.
Nash, is it you writing this reveal as well?
I particularly liked the little bits where you almost convincingly sound like a genuinely deranged conspiracy theorist.
satoshi is jesus
A very excellent and detailed article. Keep up the good work.
Nash == Dai && Nash == Szabo?
Well, Hal Finney noted that’s he’s met both Dai and Szabo, so that breaks the above equation.
Here’s the quote: “Plus I was lucky enough to meet and extensively correspond with both Wei Dai and Nick Szabo”
Pickles, finney meeting dai and szabo does not show that szabo is not dai. Although Nash could be Szabo and/or Dai or neither, we cannot expect every quote to be fully direct and truthful. If we think of the quotes like a 3 stoogies gig they all seem to have a curious intention/double meaning (although perhaps all quotes carry this capacity).
What is seemingly true for sure though, Ideal Money is a very relevant topic today and it is just as interesting that not a single news source has picked up on the topic….